been published in the so-called Archiefregeling. This regulation exist, or might exist, including associations among these things (ISO ). (Archiefbesluit ) and the Public Records Regulation (Archiefregeling ) include requirements for the management and. retention. the Archiefwet , the Archiefbesluit and the Archiefregeling does not apply. That is important to notice because these laws state.

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Its value can increase exponentially when it is aggregated, analysed, or used in innovative ways. The most notable economic effects of this Option will be achieved through creating legal certainty and raising trust levels regarding data storage and processing. Archiefreeling is equally true for public administrations, not least in supporting data-informed policies and public services delivery within and across borders.

As a result, X bank had to maintain redundant IT operations in country Y.

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

For instance, France revised Act number and the French Public Health Code which oblige hosting service providers to be approved by the Shared Healthcare Information Systems Agency within the Ministry of Health in order to be allowed to undertake hosting activity for patient data. There is broad agreement among stakeholders that the identified issues with data portability and switching need to be addressed.

The economic impact of security elements of the sub-option would be more positive than under Option 2, as it would lead to a higher degree of legal certainty in the market.

Obstacles to data mobility may lead to a large number of negative consequences for European society and economy, hindering the EU’s policy objective of archiefregelinh of a Digital Single Market.

Contrary to concerns on cyber security, evidence suggests that data stored in large-scale data centres is actually safer than data stored on-site. Its social impact is likely to be negligible due to i the option’s non-binding nature and ii the absence of a strong link between setting up data storage and processing infrastructures and employment in general.


However, none of these separate actions would induce EU-wide principles. This is particular harmful in view of the fact that data services are among the key inputs to any modern economic activity, and that access to such competitive services can help companies – particularly SMEs – integrate into value chains, focus on core competencies and improve productivity.

The remaining restrictions are not likely to affect businesses, e.

The Commission has recently announced that it would pursue infringements “in a strategic way to focus and prioritise its enforcement efforts on the most important breaches of EU law affecting the interests of its citizens and business.

The initiative will take into account Article 20 of the GDPR, which gives the right to the data subject to receive the personal data concerning him or her from a data controller and the right to transmit those data to another controller. This limits the options of some companies to less efficient data centre solutions.

Question Response – Data Location & Access Restriction

This is particularly necessary because data value chains are not bound by territorial borders and are increasingly in operation across different Member States. Under this option, the role of industry will be flanked by enforceable legal principles. The cloud services providers may be more extensively affected by the specification of EU standards, to the extent that they would implement new standards one-off cost and lower running cost ensuring updates. This could lead to indirect administrative burdens in the form of an increased number of cases referred to Member States’ competition authorities.

Concerning the intervention area of data availability, stakeholders hold that national competent authorities uphold data localisation restrictions for the objective in itself legitimate of keeping data available for supervision or control purposes.

2.f. Appendix F. Public records Act. – Research Data Wiki – Collaboration Infrastructure Wiki

The free flow of data will contribute to an effective functioning of this open environment. In view of the different nature of the various intervention areas of this initiative as defined in section 4.


The remainder of this section will assess the economic impacts of the removal of data localisation restrictions. This legal patchwork complicates rather than simplifies the matter and does not provide for the robust foundation needed for the emergence of an all-encompassing principle.

Therefore, potentially negative environmental and social impacts of cyber-attacks, as described in 6. This example shows that portability costs may become prohibitive, especially for smaller business users, because they can amount to higher than the yearly runtime cost of the service itself.

This variety and the potential delays in judicial cooperation, likely generate uncertainty and lack of trust as to whether a specific including unforeseen data availability need could be fulfilled. As a result of intervention or sometimes: At the same time, this would not lead to loss of jobs in the locations were data centres are located before relocation, because they can be operated remotely, so current personnel would not have to be necessarily relocated.

Also, as demonstrated before, at least two of the three drivers to the basic problem of obstacles to data mobility legal uncertainty and lack of trust are underpinned by important psychological elements. Possibility to solve the problem archkefregeling the existing framework s. The data economy is developing rapidly at the moment.

Arrchiefregeling principle, notification, review, transparency, awareness raising. The sections below will assess the impacts of the policy options presented in section 5, considering the following impact categories: As demonstrated in the section describing drivers of the problem above, the number of measures to be notified and reviewed is not expected to be very high.

Sub-option 2a would rely on self-regulation by industry through the development of codes of conduct for facilitating switching between providers.