Julien Offroy de La Mettrie, (born Dec. 25, , Saint-Malo, Fr.—died Nov. 11, , Berlin), French physician and philosopher whose. Julien Offray de La Mettrie, the French physician and philosopher, was born in Saint-Malo, Brittany. After attending the Collège d’Harcourt, he studied medicine . La Mettrie, Julien Offray De(b. Saint-Malo, France, 19 December ; d.
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Machine Man and Other Writings. By his works were burned even in Holland, and he was forced to flee.
Julien Offray de La Mettrie – Wikipedie
Medicine, Philosophy, and Enlightenment. Among the subsidiary themes of L’homme machinethe declaration of atheism was a new and significant development.
La Mettrie was born with a fund of natural and inexhaustible gaiety; he had a quick mind, and such a fertile imagination that it made flowers grow in the field of medicine. He believed that mental processes were caused by the body. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. La Mettrie thus became a leading expositor of ,ettrie iatromechanistic philosophy of Boerhaave, to which he soon gave a ridical application quite unintended by his teacher.
Julien Offray de La Mettrie: Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. He did not believe in the existence of God.
In La Mettrie juliem to Leiden.
La Mettrie, Julien Offray De
The French physician and philosopher Julien Offrayde La Mettrie is best known for his “Man a Machine,” an incisive and witty exposition of his theory of the dependence of mind on body.
By arguing that states of the soul depended uniformly on physiological states of the body, La Mettrie left no grounds for free will or moral responsibility, and it was this that so antagonized the religious community. On the primary level, the man-machine offered a strictly mechanistic interpretation of how living things are constituted and function; as such it served, in the eighteenth-century milieu, to express the counterpart of animistic or vitalistic theorizing in biology.
Asszat,and L’Homme plante. Saint-Malo, France, 19 December ; d.
Several themes of interest to the history of science grew logically out of jhlien man-machine thesis. He compared the differences between man and animal to those of high quality pendulum clocks and watches stating: The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: Soon La Mettrie was translating Boerhaave’s works and adding his own observations—including treatises on venereal disease, vertigo, smallpox, and practical medicine and a six-volume commentary on Boerhaave’s writings.
Instead, he sees an unbroken continuity between humans and the rest of nature. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Critical edition with introductory monograph and notes.
Home People Philosophy and Religion Philosophy: Julifn history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible offrzy researchers here:.
La Mettrie, Julien Offray de (–) |
The other was the aim of establishing medicine on as sound a theoretical basis as possible by linking it directly to anatomy, physiology, chemistry, and mechanics. In accord with such and approach to psychology, La Mettrie envisioned a broad expansion of the ordinary limits set to the usefulness of medicine. With an irony La Mettrie would have enjoyed, his death was early and unexpected. The inference is that it would be equally ridiculous to claim that the operations of the human machine presuppose the agency of a “soul.
In the Discours sur le bonheurintended as a refutation of Senecan Stoicism, La Mettrie viewed the summum bonum of happiness in a manner no less individualistic than hedonistic.
His initial schooling mettris place in the colleges of Coutances and Caen. He further expressed his radical beliefs by asserting himself as a determinist, dismissing the use of judges.
Julien Offray de La Mettrie French: Julien Offroy de La Mettrieborn Dec. Metrtie his satires, he not only supported the surgeons in their dispute with the Faculty of Medicine but mmettrie honed his attack on the metaphysical foundations of medicine and argued instead for a medical practice rooted in empirical observation and clinical teaching and dedicated to public health.
It was there that offrya published in L’homme machinehis best known and most influential book, whose atheistic and materialistic contents aroused even the liberal-minded Dutch to angry protest.
Discussing the organic basis of both vital and psychic events, he insisted on the mechanistic character of the causation involved. La Mettrie is dismissive of the Cartesian concept of inanimate matter and the related notion of the ‘beast-machine’.
Julien La Mettrie
All those who are not imposed upon by the pious insults offday the theologians mourn in La Mettrie a good man and a wise physician. He was then forced to leave Holland but was welcomed in Berlin by Frederick the Greatmade court reader, kettrie appointed to the academy of science. The actual cause of his death, however, was the bloodletting that La Mettrie had prescribed for himself.
Another feature of L’homme machine is its persistent tendency to assimilate human to animal nature with the aid of evidence drawn from the spheres of comparative anatomy and experimental psychology.