skilled in geometry, ingenious devices (!lival), music and astronomy. According to Ibn al-Nad!m and Ibn Khallikän their weakest subject was astronamy, but this. Results 1 – 27 of 27 Kitâb al-hiyal of Banû Mûsa bin Shâkir, interpreted in sense of modern system and control engineering. Prep. by Atilla Bir; Edited by. KITAB AL-HIYAL. IN THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF THE UMMAH. UNINTERRUPTED degeneration of the Muslim Polity to an absolute despotism and rapid.

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Also, did it serve as a balance fixed in the middle of the stream of thought to judge the extremes, in order to keep the Ummah on the side of moderation, for the idea of moderation or middle course was hypostatized into the supreme light for guiding the believer on the right path.

Your list has reached the maximum number of items. But the discontent of the masses remained unabated, often bursting out in anti-Umayyad movements every now and then.

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Kitab al-Hiyal

He brings another Hadith: You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. The total effects of the Hiyal were far reaching. The new order of compromise required growth of contrivances to tide over the mounting cleavage that was rapidly growing between the rule of the Shariah and the actual patterning of its system.

They were convinced that nomination by the ruling Amir does not entitle one to ascend to the office of the Amir hlyal. Says Almighty, ‘Allah certainly wishes, On people of the House of the Prophet, to absolve you of sin and purify you completely.

Muhammad was mainly a specialist in geometry and astronomy, while Ahmad worked mainly on mechanics and al-Hasan excelled mainly in geometry.

The second part of al-Mamun’s pretentions for his authority is based on an axiom which purports to condone the present state of affairs till the beginning of kitwb better one.

The early fuqaha, during the days of the Umayyads, were used to depend on their own individual judgements. In other words, hyial modi vivendi in Islamic legal th eory are either combinations of good things or of those things for which here is moral neutrality, involving neither prohibition, nor obligation.


Showing all editions for ‘The Book of ingenious devices: Aberrations like this deeply vitiated the propositions of politico-juristic though in Islam. He is frequently impatient with his rulers and thinks little of hital, but on the whole he is content to let the princes play their game.

At times, instead of true creations, shallow inventories however, take place that plague the societies and undermine the normativeness of their legal order, loosen the moral fibre and gradually disintegrate the ideal image that inspires their members and keeps them to the axiological base hiyaal their collective life.

From the case of a man who has no choice but facing death or feeding on dead animal, a corresponding case sl social situation cannot be corroborated, for xl is a lot of difference between the constitution of kiatb individual man and the nature of society; it cannot be instantaneously closed down without begging upon a suitable fictional device.

Since, this aspect of striving is absent from the readiness to vacate the authority as soon as a Khalifah is chosen by general consent, the argument turns out to be a network of hila: It biyal that Muslim political thought deteriorated into sheltering under anti-religious fictions, serving as devices for making lawful what was unlawful for a straight religious reasoning.

In their combination they produce the state of Idtarar. All major socio-political works were irresistably led towards the canonical permission of the phenomenon of power-state, and consequently delicate waves of hila-reasoning flooded their representation of the Shariah. The principle of social order versus disorder ; and.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Year 1 13 14 2 Language English 16 Arabic 12 Miscellaneous languages 1 Undetermined 1.

He made religion a personal affair. Since the principle, as the practical form of Ijma’ in the deductions of the Shariah was stabilized in the evolution of the Muslim jurisprudence, long before the period of al-Mamun, the latter’s insistence on the unanimity constituted a grave hila-reasoning from the strict point of view of the Muslim law.

Cancel Forgot your password? This major departure from the religious consciousness of the earlier generations was accomplished by a number of doctrinal devices but the kitqb current of the Muslim thought never absorbed the Abbasid idea. As a consequence of this juristic activity, a literature came into existence, which may now be collected together as the “Kitab al – Hiyal in the political philosophy of the Ummah.

Ibn Qayyam’s dictum that actions have their own beauty and ugliness, amounts to a reshaping of outlook by severance of connection with the despot-like concept of Divinity, that had seized the minds of the Muslim people ever since the rise of the Umayyads and gradually perfected to a neat and clear theological doctrine by Abu’l Hasan Ashari, Abu Kitabb Ghazali and mystics of various orders.


Book of Ingenious Devices – Wikipedia

Hassan, al- Ahmad Y. English translation by J S. The Abbasid Unimak of the middle course assimilated compilation of these fabrications in its legal theory, political philosophy, and canon of kiitab Shariah, and thus generated a particular type of objective mind behind the dynamics of Muslim Civilization, quite foreign to the objectivity of the earlier generations of Islam.

Survey of the Historical Sources. Views Read Edit View history. Attempts to rationalize this departure in order to keep its identity proved futile. Consequently, Caliphate as medium of the Shariah is fountain-head of the shar’i element in the birth of interactions and their legitimacy and sanctity in the orderly functioning of the Islamic society.

Home About Help Search. The principle of peace in the land versus disturbance fitna ; 3. Their application is generally based on aerostatic and hydrostatic pressure principles.

The book of ingenious devices (Kitab al-hiyal): Ahmad ibn Musa Ibn Shakir: : Books

Privacy Policy Terms and Conditions. Essentially, they skip over the series of limitations or considerations which enable the general law as for instance: Its function was to yield the content for the synthetic activity of the Juristic Reason operating with the Ijma of Ahl al-Ray as creative principle developing the private opinions into the objective law of Islam.

Added to it is a more profound consideration. Ghazali’s extention of the idea of Idtarar is one of the major symptoms of this hiyaal, involving an element of interpretive fiction that undermines the spirit of religion. The origin of rights and duties amidst the individual members of the society depends on the sanctity and binding character of their mutual bargain, contracts, adjustments and settlements.

In their main form, their reasoning involves a reference to the Salaf, to the companions, to the Apostle and to the Divine legislator, with the main purpose of showing them to follow vigorously from the usul al-din.

The Umayyads did not dare to challenge or alter it.