LEON FESTINGER TEORIA DE LA DISONANCIA COGNITIVA PDF

Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.

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In other words, people simply tend to befriend their neighbors. Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case oa Content analysis Experiments Human subject research Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Psychophysics Qualitative research Quantitative research Self-report inventory Statistical surveys.

Y es que esto de leer cosas tan interesantes y no poder decir nada estaba acabando conmigo. Y cuando nuestra mente trata de darle un sentido a todas las acciones e ideas de nuestra vida, entonces es cuando nos inventamos justificaciones absurdas. Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back examined the choice of friends among college students living in married student housing at MIT. February 11, aged 69 New York City. Carlsmith published their classic cognitive dissonance experiment in Although the proximity effect or propinquity was an important direct finding from the study, Festinger and his collaborators also noticed correlations between the degree of friendship within a group of residents and the similarity of opinions within the group, [27] thus raising unexpected questions regarding communication within social groups and the development of group standards of attitudes and behaviors.

The group studied a small apocalyptic cult led by Dorothy Martin under the pseudonym Marian Keech in the booka suburban housewife. During this time, Festinger published disonahcia highly influential paper on social comparison theory, extending his prior theory regarding the evaluation of attitudes in social groups to the evaluation of abilities in social groups.

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Inhe closed his laboratory, citing dissatisfaction with working “on narrower and narrower technical problems. Stanley Schachter Elliot Aronson. Yet, this endeavor “started as almost an accident” [26] while Festinger was conducting a study on the impact of architectural and ecological factors on student housing satisfaction for the university.

Leon Festinger – Wikipedia

To use Festinger’s example of a smoker who has knowledge that smoking is bad for his health, the smoker may reduce dissonance by choosing to quit smoking, by changing his thoughts about the effects of smoking e. Festinger studied psychology under Kurt Lewinan important figure in modern social psychology, at the University of Iowagraduating in ; [5] however, he did not develop an interest in social psychology until after joining the faculty at Lewin’s Research Center for Group Dynamics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Festinger subsequently began exploring prehistoric archaeological data, meeting with Stephen Jay Gould to discuss ideas and visiting archaeological sites to investigate primitive toolmaking firsthand.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Festinger labeled communications arising from such pressures toward uniformity as “instrumental communication” in that the communication is not an end in itself but a means to reduce discrepancies between the communicator and others in the group.

They also found that functional distance predicted social ties as well. El ser humano es muy complejo. Habitual Tener Miedo vs. Thus Festinger suggested that the “social influence processes and some kinds of competitive behavior are both manifestations of the same socio-psychological process Basta con conversar un rato para descubrir incongruencias de las que son totalmente conscientes.

This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat His father, an embroidery manufacturer, had “left Russia a radical and atheist and remained faithful to these views throughout his life. For example, liking was simply a function of reward according to behaviorism, so greater reward would produce greater liking; Festinger and Carlsmith’s experiment clearly demonstrated greater liking with lower reward, a result that required the acknowledgement of cognitive processes.

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The lower-floor residents near the stairs are more likely than their lower-floor neighbors to befriend those living on the upper floor.

Leon Festinger

Social comparison theory and cognitive dissonance have been described by other psychologists as “the two most fruitful theories in social psychology.

Dissonance was created for the subjects performing the favor, as the task was in fact boring. Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. Dissonance reduction can be achieved by changing cognition by changing actions [58]or selectively acquiring new information or opinions. He then moved to the University of Minnesota inand then on to Stanford University in They teroia likewise take action to reduce discrepancies in abilities, for which there is an upward drive to improve one’s abilities.

Many of the group members quit their jobs and disposed of their possessions in preparation for the apocalypse. He stated his main set of hypotheses as follows:. He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect or propinquity. Festinger’s influential social comparison theory can be viewed as an extension of his prior theory related to the reliance on social reality for evaluating attitudes and opinions to the realm of abilities.